Wherever I am, the world comes after me.
It offers me its busyness. It does not believe that I do not want it.
Now I understand 
why the old poets of China went so far
and high 
into the mountains, then crept into the pale mist.
"The Old Poets of China" by Mary Oliver

Associate Professor

Ph.D. in Economics, School of Economics, University of the Philippines Diliman
Room 204, Hall of Wisdom • This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

China Studies • Chinese in the Philippines • Philippine Economic History • Development Studies 


  • Ph.D. in Economics, School of Economics, University of the Philippines Diliman
  • M.A. in Economics, School of Economics, University of the Philippines Diliman
  • B.S. Business Economics, School of Economics, University of the Philippines Diliman


  • China Studies
  • Chinese in the Philippines
  • Philippine Economic History
  • Development Studies


  • AS 235.1 Social and Economic Development in China
  • AS 298 Special Problems in Asian Studies
  • AS 299 Research Methods
  • PS 222 Theories of Development
  • PS 229 Special Problems in Philippine Development (Political Economy of Institutions and Development)
  • PS 288.2 Readings in Philippine Development Studies
  • Econ 211 Economic History (UP School of Economics)
  • ASEAN 233 ASEAN Economic Development and Business Community (UP Open University)


2018. "Insights on China Studies as a Community of Practice." In China Studies in the Philippines: Intellectual Paths and the Formation of a Field, edited by Tina Clemente and Chih-yu Shih. 

2018. "Odysseys in China Watching: Comparative Look at the Philippines and Nepal." In China Studies in South and Southeast Asia: Between Pro-China and Objectivism, edited by Chih-yu Shih, Prapin Manomaivibool and Reenah Marwah. World Scientific (Co-authored with Pamela Combinido)

2017. "The Economic Dimension in China's Foreign Relations: Reflections for China Studies in the Philippines." Contemporary Chinese Political Economy and Strategic Relations: An International Journal 3:3 (December). 

2017. "China Studies in the Philippines: Evolution and Challenges." In From Sinology to Post-Chineseness: Intellectual Histories of China, Chinese People, and Chinese Civilization, edited by Shih Chih-Yu, He Peizhong, and Tang Lei. Beijing: China Social Sciences Press. 

2017. "Loyalty on Trial: Chinese-Filipinos and the West Philippine Sea Dispute." In Precarious Belongings: Affect and Nationalism in Asia, edited by Chih-Ming Wang and Daniel PS Goh, 95–114. London: Rowman and Littlefield International. 

2016. "Understanding Economic Diplomacy between the Philippines and China." International Journal of China Studies 7 (2): 215–33, August. 

2015. "Emerging Asian Communities in Contemporary Philippines." Asian Studies: Journal of Critical Perspectives on Asia 51:1, edited by Tina S. Clemente and Aileen S.P. Baviera.

2015. "Spanish Colonial Policy Toward Chinese Merchants in 18th-century Philippines." In Merchant Communities in Asia, 1600–1980, edited by Madeleine Zelin and Yu-ju Lin. London and New York: Routledge. READ EXCERPT.

2015. "Environmental Governance in the Philippines: Challenges and Prospects." In Environmental Challenges and Governance: Perspectives from South, Southeast and East Asia, edited by S. Mukherjee and D. Chakraborty, 166–82. London and New York: Routledge. 

2015. "Connections, Contracts, and Sanctions: Informal Contracting in Commerce Among Chinese in Metro Manila." Asian Studies: Journal of Critical Perspectives on Asia 51 (1): 39–74 (Co-author: Marco B. Lagman). 

2014. “The Arroyo Presidency: Philippine Political Institutions at a Glance.” In The Macapagal-Arroyo Presidency and Administration (2001–2010), edited by Jose V. Abueva, Oscar Alfonso, et al. Quezon City: Center for Leadership, Citizenship and Democracy, National College of Public Administration and Governance, University of the Philippines.

2014. "Institutional action against Chinese Traders in Spanish Philippines: The 16th-Century Context of Policy Contestations." MANILA: Selected Papers of the 22nd Annual Manila Studies Conference, 27–29 August 2013.

2013. “Guanxi in Chinese Commerce: Informal Enforcement in Spanish Philippines.” Seoul Journal of Economics 26(2): 203–37.

2012. “Chinese Trade in Pre-Spanish Philippines: Credit, Hostage and Raid Regimes.”  Journal of Southeast Asian Studies (JATI) 17 (1):191–206.

2011. “Rizal’s Morga and insights into pre-Hispanic institutions and trade.” Philippine Review of Economics 48 (2): 117–50.

2003. “Does Violent Conflict Make Chronic Poverty More Likely? The Mindanao Experience.” Philippine Review of Economics 40 (2):31–58. Co-authors: H. Malapit and C. Yunzal


2012. "The Institutional Imperative: The Politics of Equitable Development in Southeast Asia" by Erik Martinez Kuhonta.  Palo Alto, CA: Stanford University Press. Asian Politics & Policy 4(2): 259–61.

2013. "Challenges of the ASEAN Economic Community 2015: Focus on the Philippines." Asian Politics and Policy 5(4):677–80.

2013. "The Super 30: Insights from the Margin.” Asian Politics and Policy 5 (1):162–64.