Wherever I am, the world comes after me.
It offers me its busyness. It does not believe that I do not want it.
Now I understand 
why the old poets of China went so far
and high 
into the mountains, then crept into the pale mist.
"The Old Poets of China" by Mary Oliver

Assistant Professor

Ph.D. in International Relations, University of Tehran, 2008
Room 105, Hall of Wisdom • This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Mindanao • PH-Middle East relations • political economy of the Middle East • Energy security in Asia • Persian Gulf security • Middle Easterners in the Philippines


  • Ph.D. in International Relations, University of Tehran, 2008
  • Master in International Relations, University of Shahid Beheshti, 2002
  • B.S. in International Relations, Mindanao State University, Marawi City, 1998


  • Mindanao issues
  • International relations
  • Philippine external relations with the Middle East
  • Political economy of the Middle East
  • Energy security in Asia
  • Persian Gulf security issues
  • Middle Easterners in the Philippines


  • AS-284 Persian Gulf Studies
  • AS 280 Seminar on West Asia (Middle East)
  • AS 281 Seminar on West Asia (Middle East)
  • AS 282 Readings on West Asia (Middle East Politics and Governance)
  • PS 279 Seminar on West Asia (Middle East)
  • PS 269 Philippine Foreign Relations in Selected Countries in West Asia
  • PS 264 History and Development of Philippine Foreign Policy
  • PS 269 Seminar on Foreign Relations with Selected Countries and Regions


2018. "Turkish Active Diplomacy in the Philippines as Inspired by Fethullah Gülens." In The Hizmet Movement and Peacebuilding: Global Cases, edited by Mohammad Abu-Nimer and Timothy Sidel. 

2017. "China's New Silk Route Initiative: Political and Economic Implications for the Middle East and Southeast Asia." Asian Journal of Middle Eastern and Islamic Studies 11 (1): 83–106

2017. "Which Way to Go? Analyzing the Political, Economic, and Cultural Directions of Philippine-Iran Relations." In Philippiune-Iran Relations: 50 Years and Beyond, edited by Henelito A. Sevilla, Jr, 7–24. Quezon City: Asian Center, University of the Philippines Diliman. 

2016. "The Nationalization of Saudi Arabia's Labor Market and the Filipino Overseas Workers." Journal of South Asian Studies 4 (2) 33–44. 

2015. "From Silent Protest to Humanitarian Intervention: the Case of Libya." Journal of South Asian Studies 3 (3): 377–86.

2015. "West Asian Communities in the Philippines: An Exploratory Study of Migrant Iranians, Jews, Arabs, and Turkish." Asian Studies: Journal of Critical Perspectives on Asia 51 (1): 98–129. 

2014. "Nationalization Scheme (Nitaqat) in Saudi Arabia and the Condition of Filipino Migrant Workers." Journal of Identity and Migration 8 (2): 7–23. 

2013. “Conflict in Syria: The Changing Political Landscape of the Middle East.” World Affairs 17:3 (Autumn, July-September) 40–61. 

2013. “The Arab Spring and the South China Sea Tension: Analyzing Chinese Drive to Energy Security.” Alternatives: Turkish Journal of International Relations 2:3 (Fall 2013) 1–113.

2013. “The Republic of the Philippines BID for Observer Status at the OIC: Motivations, Challenges and Opportunities.”  International Journal Advances in Social Sciences and Humanities 1:1 (October) 18–28. 

2011. “Middle East Security Issues and their Implications to the Philippines.” Indian Journal of Asian Studies 24:1–2 (July-December).

2011. “Re-constructing the Political Mind Set of the Persian Gulf Security.” International Journal of West Asian Studies 3 (1): 49–67. 

2010. “The Security of Energy Supply: Its Implications on the Political and Economic Growth of Asian-Pacific Region.” Asia Pacific Journal for Social Sciences, India Special Issue 1, December. 

2010. “Why Middle East Matters to the Philippines?” Asia Pacific Journal of Social Sciences, India 2:2 (July-December).

2012. “Hajj, Unity and Islamic Awakening.” Edited by Dr. Mohammad Reza Dehshiri and Dr. Mohsen Shojakhani, 235–244.  Alhoda International, Cultural and Artistic and Publishing Institution. Tehran.

2012. “An Assessment of Iranian relations with the World: An Outsider’s View.” 


2015. Review of "Importing Democracy: The Role of NGOs in South Africa, Tajikistan and Argentina" by Julie F. Melton, Kettering Foundation Press, Ohio. Journal of South Asian Studies 3 (3): 417–18. 

2013. "The role of the military and the rulers of the Gulf States in stabalizing or de-stabalizing Egypt." Islamic Societies Review, 17 July. 

2013. "Attack on Syria,multilateral approach to resolving this crisis remains a crucial instrument." Islamic Societies Review, 27 August. 

2013. "Armed Forces: What’s Next for Morsi’s Egypt?" Islamic Societies Review, 8 July. 

2013. “Turkish Cultural Diplomacy in the Philippines.” Middle East Institute, 13 November. 

2013. "Philippine-Iran Relations: Taking Advantage of New Opportunities and Promise." Forging a New Philippine Foreign Policy, 30 July. 

2013. "The Philippines’ Elusive Quest for Organization of Islamic Conference (OIC) Observer Status." Middle East Institute, Middle East Asia Project, March. 

2013. "The Emergency Evacuation of Overseas Filipino Workers (OFWs) from Libya and Syria." Middle East Institute, Middle East Asia Project, February. 

2012. “Imam Khomeini’s Ideas and Personality: Impact on International Relations.” Payam-e-Mehr 3 (8):30–36 Special Issue, January-February. 

2011. “Hajj and the Unity of Men.” Payam-e-Mehr 2:7 (December, Special Edition) 62–68. 

2010. “Getting to know our neighbour better.” Payam-e-Mehr (February-April).

2009. “Introducing Iranian Studies in the Philippine Universities: A Soft Approach in Cultural Dialogue.” Payam-e-Mehr 1:1 (July-September). 

2009. “The Political Economy of Energy and the Nation-State System: An Evaluation of Dependency in Japan, China, South Korea, And the Philippines.” Peyam-e Mehr 1:2.


2013. "Breaking Tough Diplomacy." Jakarta Post, 10 July.

2013. "Transnational Role in Syrian War." Jakarta Post, 28 June. 

2013. "Turkey in the middle of Arab uprising." Jakarta Post, 18 July.

2013. "US-Iran Engagement." Jakarta Post, 01 August.